Tool Tutorial Friday – How to Use a Band Saw
Welcome back to another Tool Tutorial Friday! I hope you enjoyed some time off last week. Today I want to share with you a power tool that can cut long straight lines and it can cut curved lines with ease. This tool is also my “go to” tool when I need to cut plexiglass. I’m introducing you to a band saw.
Although the band saw is big and may seem intimidating, it actually isn’t very scary. The blade is usually a mere 1/4″ wide and the cutting action is not super loud and it doesn’t usually throw wood back at you. So, cutting with this power saw really gives you a lot of control and can help eliminate the intimidation factor.
The band saw I have it old, but it still gets the job done. If you were to buy a new band saw, the mechanics are basically the same and not much has changed over the years. The size of the band saw (usually 9″, 10″, 12″ or 14″) refers to the distance between the blade and the neck or side column of the saw. Prices for a new band saw vary from about $125 – $600. I would definitely recommend buying a band saw used unless you are running a business that puts out tons of wood projects. Also, make sure that your band saw comes with a detachable rip fence or you will need to purchase one to fit your saw. This is important for making straight cuts.
A band saw has a circular one piece band shaped blade. The blade rotates around the two wheels at a high speed and allows for precise cuts.
There are several blades available for a bandsaw. In addition you could buy a sanding band for sanding intricate cuts. Band saw blades have a TPI (teeth per inch) number. In general, the more teeth per inch the tighter the cuts and more intricate details it can handle. However, that blade will flex more and cannot cut harder stock wood as efficiently. For straight cuts and thicker stock, a lower TPI number is desired. For a more detailed explanation of band saw parts and blades, check out WoodworkingHistory.com’s bandsaw syllabus.
The ONLY saw that I know of that will make more precise cuts than a band saw is a scroll saw. And when I talk precise, I mean making doll furniture type precise. A band saw is used for ripping, cross cutting, curved cuts, circles, you name it! So, why would you need anything else if this saw does it all? Well, sometimes speed is a factor, the band saw is not super fast when ripping a piece of plywood. Plus, you are limited by the width of your bandsaw. You have to work with a board that will fit in between the blade and the neck of the saw (this is specific inch size of your saw.)
Personally, I prefer using the band saw for smaller projects and cutting plexiglass, thin metal, or intricate shapes. It is a staple for anyone who wants to cut letters out of wood! When making intricate cuts, you will need to plan your cutting paths. In other words, you can’t put your wood in and cut around like you would scissors in a piece of paper. Here is an example of what I’m talking about:
To cut the letter “T” out of a piece of wood, you’ll likely have to make several cuts into the wood, making your cuts meet at tight angles or corners.
Before making any cut using a band saw, you need to make sure that your guide is set for the proper depth. You want the guide to ride just above your board. There should be approximately a 1/16″ space between the wood and the guide so the board doesn’t get pinched between the guide and the work table. On my band saw the adjustment is made by loosening a screw at the back of the machine, raising the guide, and re-tightening the screw.
My band saw also has a work table tilt lever for making bevel cuts. Honestly I’ve only used this feature once, but it is nice to have. Simply turn the lever to loosen the bolt holding the table in place. Then tilt the table to the desired angle and re-tighten the bolt.
That’s basically it for setting up the band saw. Before cutting be sure to wear safety glasses. Ear protection is a good idea, but I’ve been known to skip it since this saw doesn’t bust my ear drums as much as some of my other power tools.
As I’ve said before, keep in mind your safety is in your own hands:
The viewer assumes all responsibility and liability associated with the hazards of woodworking. Pretty Handy Girl is not responsible for any errors or omissions that may be present in this tutorial. She also assumes no liability for any action or inaction of a viewer.
Please use extreme caution when using power tools. Read your tool manual thoroughly and wear protective safety gear. Take your time familiarizing yourself with a tool before using it. (If you are missing the manual, you can easily find it online by going to the manufacturer’s website or google your saw’s make and model + manual.)
Please recognize that I have tried to put together a basic band saw usage tutorial to get you started. I have tried my best to show the safest way to use a band saw. That being said, I am not a professional (I only play one on this blog .)
And here is the video tutorial:
Okay, time once again to let me know what you think about this tutorial; ask any questions; or simply beg to win. When you do so, you will be entered to win this cutie!
Don’t let her pink attire fool you. This lovely lady packs a punch that will knock out any “boy’s” hammer! So limber up those fingers and leave me a note. Your comment will automatically enter you into the 13 oz. Tomboy Tools magnetic hammer giveaway. Good luck!
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It seems like that this information is very helpful for people searching for bandsaw blades. There is wide range of Bandsaw blades available from various companies and I hope you guys also sharing some more information in future too.
Bro-in-law just got one from family member.
I use my band saw as much as or even more than my cabinet saw.
I had a Craftsman, but rarely used it. Between cockpit errors and poor quality blades, it was frustrating to use. After I bought an expensive band saw, it became a primary tool in the shop.
The increased power of the new saw aside, I bought quality blades and that made a huge difference. For example, the Sears blades would thump, as the weld ran through the guides and wood. I broke 1/8″ blades like they were going out of style. I still break them, but only occasionally. Part of that may be because I’ve learned you have limits.
Keeping tension properly set, setting the guides right will go a long ways toward good performance (it’s not as complex as some make it seem).
You can run a sharpening stone on the back corners of the blades to round them over, so turns will go smoother, and a little tighter.
If you really start using your saw, look at the Carter Stabilizer [for up to 1/4″blades]. It replaces all your guides and allows you to make turns that would have destroyed blades, using the old guides.
For an inexpensive upgrade, look into cool blocks for your guides. They help the blade run cooler, so it has less fatigue, so less breakage.
Thanks, Brittany! I wanna be like you!! And I love the pink hammer!
LOL! Do you remember that song from the Jungle Book? Now you have it stuck in my head. Good luck to you.
Thanks for another great tutorial! I appreciate all the time you take to show us how to use these machines. You make everything look like a cinch! 🙂
Thanks for the tutorial. I love your videos, they are so helpful. I am in love with that hammer, hope I win!
Great tutorial. I have had my band saw 20+ years and it’s perfect for almost all of my projects. I think it’s less scary than my other power tools.
I immediately went to Craig’s list to look for a used band saw. I am really enjoying these tutorials. Thank you!
I love your tutorials- keep them coming. Could you answer a question for me? I’d like to start putting together my own ‘wood shop’ and I’m wondering what tools you would suggest to get me started. I’d like to be able to complete projects like some very simple built in shelves or mudroom storage benches. Things like that. I’m familiar with a lot of the wood working tools, but I’m not sure which ones would be best for beginners like me starting out on some bigger projects. Any suggestions?
Bonnie, thanks for your comment. I wrote a post on the essential tools every homeowner should own. You can read it here: http://parentables.howstuffworks.com/nesting/whats-your-toolbox.html
Also, I think a miter saw is a definitely a good power tool to own.
I think I’m just going to resort to begging. Please give me that hammer!
I thought your tutorial was great. I don’t own one but it would be nice.
We have a band saw and it really is handy to have around. Unfortunately, the one we have isn’t “girl friendly” as it fits on hubby’s ShopSmith and weighs a TON so I don’t use it very often.
Sadly, this is the first I have heard of a band saw. And I’m pretty sure I need one of my own now. To be able to cut my own wood letters? Awesome!
Ahh, the band saw. One of the tools that I do not own. It’s on my list, along with so many others! Sigh!